was named after the Duke of York, of England, who organized a mission to capture
the territory from the Netherlands.
Governor Peter Stuyvesant proved unpopular and his people refused to rally round
Amsterdam was situated on the southern tip of modern day Manhattan Island. It
was part of the New Netherlands which also included parts of Long Island, Connecticut
and New Jersey.
Dutch had bought Manhattan from the local tribe in 1626 where, legend has it,
the tribe sold the islands for $24 worth of trinkets. They had clearly misunderstood
the concept of property ownership brought over from Europe, and the arrangement
led on to a war beginning in 1641 between the settlers and the local tribes.