17 years of British rule, and centuries in the Ottoman Empire before that, Iraq
becomes an independent nation for the first time.
had seized Iraq from Turkey (then part of the Ottoman Empire) during World War
League of Nation's had given Britain a mandate to govern the country in 1920.
established a monarchy in the country in 1932.
It was to fall in a coup in 1958, and for the next twenty years there were a series
of military and civilian governments.
Saddam Hussein took power as a dictator in 1979.