was fought between the British Empire and the Boers (aka Afrikaners) of the Transvaal
and Orange Free State.
Boers had always resented the Anglicization of (British held) South Africa, and
Britain's antislavery policies.
From 1833 the
Boers had migrated away from South Africa and into the African tribal lands. There
they set up the republics of the Transvaal and the Orange Free State.
and gold were found in these new regions, which led to conflict between the Boers
and Britain over the find.
between the two sides began as early as 1890. Britain won military control of
the main cities and annexed all the land. But the Boer's fought back with a guerrilla
campaign. The British army countered by searching and arresting those guerilla
units they could find, holding them, and their families, in concentration
war ended with the signing of the Peace of Vereeniging, on May 31, 1902. The British
Empire prevailed, annexing both the Transvaal and the Orange Free State which
would later become provinces of South Africa.