Bolshevik Party, under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin, managed to take control
of Petrograd (now St Petersburg) by taking over government* and other strategic
buildings in the Russian capital in an almost bloodless coup.
became dictator of the new country, called, initially, Bolshevik Russia. It was
the world's first Marxist state.
government made peace with Germany (who the Russians were fighting in WW1) and
nationalized industry and distributed land.
1918 the new government was forced to fight the Czarist forces in a civil war.
The Czarist forces were beaten in 1920. The country changed it's name to the Union
of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in 1922.
died in 1924. Joseph Stalin replaced him.
the abdication of Czar Nicholas II in this year's February Revolution (which was
on 15th March 1917, it was called the February Revolution because Russia used
the Julian calendar) the country was being run by a largely ineffective provisional