11th November
It was on this day...
1918 On The 11th Hour, of the 11th Day, of the 11th Month, World War One Ends

9 million soldiers had died, 21 million had been wounded.

It is thought that 5 million civilians also died as a direct result of the war.

Germany had surrendered at 5am on this day, fearing an imminent invasion. The armistice was signed in a railroad car outside Compiégne, France.

World War 1 officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, of 1919. This treaty forced punitive damages on Germany which would, in time, serve to destabilize the country and ultimately lead on to the Second World War.

It was on this day...
1933 South Dakota Dust Bowl Crisis, Great Depression

In an event which exacerbated the Great Depression, dust storms paralyzed South Dakota. The storms stripped the top soil off farmlands across the state.

Over time, 100 million acres were affected. Livestock choked, crops were destroyed and human health was adversely affected.

Many historians say this was the worst natural disaster in American history.

There are two main reasons for the Dust Bowl Crisis:

  • A prolonged drought (the rains would return in 1941, and the problems would disappear).
  • The techniques farmers used to replace the native grasses with wheat and other, weaker, crops.

President Roosvelt attacked the problem with education and aid programs, which taught farmers soil conservation techniques which are in use today.

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Other News
1921 Dedication of the Tomb of the Unknowns at Arlington Cemetery in Virginia, for those who fell in WW1.

1965 Rhodesia declares independence from Great Britain. The African country would later change it's name to Zimbabwe.

1992 Women priests are allowed in the Church of England for the first time.

Other days this month can be found on these links:

Thought For The Day - A daily spoof thought...
Real Quotes - Daily Inspirational or Funny quotes
Celebrity Birthdays - Type in a date and see who was born

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