4th May
It was on this day...
1886 Clamp Down On Radicals After Riot Is Falsely Blamed on Them, Haymarket Square, Chicago

100 were wounded and 8 police officers killed.

Following the riot, the authorities quickly moved to detain all of the anarchists and socialist in town. The eight speakers at the (what had been a peaceful) protest meeting were charged with the murder of the police officers.

The police had already, the day before, shot and killed some people at a meeting at McCormick Harvesting Machine Company for no apparent reason.

At the Haymarket Square meeting police moved in to disperse the crowd at the end of the last speech, and someone threw a bomb into the crowd.

This caused the police to start shooting indiscriminately into the crowd and it was this that caused the deaths of the eight police officers, and not the bomb as reported at the time.

7 of the 8 defendants received the death sentence, four of them were hanged on 11 November 1887. One of the men killed himself before his execution. The remaining three were pardoned in 1893 after they had served 7 years in prison.

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Other News

1927 The American Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences is founded in Hollywood.

1959 First Grammys awarded on this day. They went to: Henry Mancini for Best Album for the music from 'Peter Gunn'. Perry Como voted Best Male vocalist. Ella Fitzgerald Best Female Vocalist. "Volare," by Domenico Modugno, won Best Record.

1975 The Three Stooges' Moe dies (Link to Brideless Groom video)

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