were wounded and 8 police officers killed.
the riot, the authorities quickly moved to detain all of the anarchists and socialist
in town. The eight speakers at the (what had been a peaceful) protest meeting
were charged with the murder of the police officers.
police had already, the day before, shot and killed some people at a meeting at
McCormick Harvesting Machine Company for no apparent reason.
the Haymarket Square meeting police moved in to disperse the crowd at the end
of the last speech, and someone threw a bomb into the crowd.
caused the police to start shooting indiscriminately into the crowd and it was
this that caused the deaths of the eight police officers, and not the bomb as
reported at the time.
of the 8 defendants received the death sentence, four of them were hanged on 11
November 1887. One of the men killed himself before his execution. The remaining
three were pardoned in 1893 after they had served 7 years in prison.