the Miranda requirement.
Supreme Court, in the USA, handed down it's decision on the Miranda v. Arizona
case on this day.
this day on, police had a requirement to remind those they arrested of the following
have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can, and will, be used against
you in court of law. You have the right to an attorney. If you cannot afford one,
one will be appointed to you."
Ernesto Miranda had been questioned by police investigating the abduction and
rape of an 18 year old woman from Phoenix. It is then alleged that Miranda gave
police a confession (this is disputed). Miranda later recanted his confession
because he was apparently unaware that he didn't have to say anything.
was convicted and sent to prison. The American Civil Liberties Union took up his
case, claiming that the confession was false and had been coerced
Supreme Court would overturn his conviction but at retrial he was convicted again.
released from prison in 1972.