16th June
It was on this day...
1966 "You Have The Right To Remain Silent" Principle Established

AKA the Miranda requirement.

The Supreme Court, in the USA, handed down it's decision on the Miranda v. Arizona case on this day.

From this day on, police had a requirement to remind those they arrested of the following facts:

"You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can, and will, be used against you in court of law. You have the right to an attorney. If you cannot afford one, one will be appointed to you."

Ernesto Miranda had been questioned by police investigating the abduction and rape of an 18 year old woman from Phoenix. It is then alleged that Miranda gave police a confession (this is disputed). Miranda later recanted his confession because he was apparently unaware that he didn't have to say anything.

Miranda was convicted and sent to prison. The American Civil Liberties Union took up his case, claiming that the confession was false and had been coerced

The Supreme Court would overturn his conviction but at retrial he was convicted again.

He was released from prison in 1972.

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Erich Segal
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Other News
1904 James Joyce sets his novel, Ulysses, on this day, known as Bloomsday after two of it's characters, Leopold and Molly Bloom.
1943 Charlie Chaplin, 54, marries Oona O'Neill, 18.
1963 Soviet Cosmonaut, Valentina Tereshkova, becomes the first woman in space. It was on board the Soviet's Vostok 6.
1992 Andrew Morton publishes the controversial book on Princess Diana (Her True Story). At the time a link to Diana was denied, but later it was revealed that she had given her full co-operation in writing the book.

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