ships were under the command of Lord Charles Howard and Sir Francis Drake.
battle began on 21st July 1588. A 7 mile-long line of Spanish ships was stationed
off the southern coast of England, ready to attack. The English made good use
of their innovative, for their time, long range guns which managed to thin out
their numbers (before this, the usual method of fighting was to board the ships
and then close-quarter fighting onboard).
Armada landed at Calais (thus a base to control the English Channel), and began
an operation to get their troops to Flanders from where they could be shipped
over to England.
It was widely assumed that Spain's superior infantry could have easily beaten
the English equivalent in a land battle.
plan was foiled after the English sent burning ships into the crowded harbor (on
this day) which forced the Spanish ships out into the open sea where they were
attacked by English ships, finally putting an end to any hopes of an invasion
reason for the Spanish attack? To stem the English raids against Spanish trading
routes, Queen Elizabeth's support of the Dutch rebels in Spanish controlled Netherlands,
and to bring England back into the Roman Catholic fold.