25th July
1972 Tuskegee Experiment Revealed

It was on this day that the Washington Evening Star ran with this headline: "Syphilis Patients Died Untreated". The reporter who broke the news was Jean Heller.

Heller wrote: "For 40 years, the U.S. Public Health Service has conducted a study in which human guinea pigs, not given proper treatment, have died of syphilis and its side effects."

Almost 400 black men from Macon County, Alabama, were never told that they had syphilis and whilst no proven cure was available when the experiment started in 1932, when a penicillin cure was discovered in 1947 it was not given to the men. Dozens of them died. The aim of the experiment was to see what the effects were of syphilis on the untreated human body, including how it spread.

Public health workers eventually leaked details of the experiment to the media.

In the ensuing class action (brought by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1973) $9 million was divided up amongst the surviving men and their infected families.

It wasn't until 1997 that the USA's president of the day, Bill Clinton, formally apologized for this "shameful" experiment.

It was on this day...
2000 Concorde Crash, 113 Dead

17:00: The Air France Concorde crashed just minutes after takeoff from Roissy Charles de Gaulle airport.

All of the 109 people on board died, 4 people on the ground also perished.

One of the left-hand engines caught fire on takeoff.

All of the 96 passengers on board were German tourists on their way to New York.

The flight number was AF4590.

Following the accident Air France suspended all of its Concorde's pending an investigation.

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Other News
1978 The world's first 'test-tube' baby, where the mother's egg is fertilized outside of her body, is born. Her name: Louise Joy Brown
1999 Lance Armstrong wins the Tour de France, less than 3 years after being diagnosed with testicular cancer.

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