14th July
It was on this day...
1789 French Revolution: The Storming of the Bastille

The Bastille was a Royal fortress which had come to symbolise the tyranny of the Bourbon monarchy, and the Ancien Regime, against which the Parisian revolutionaries fought. 4/5ths of the French army joined the revolutionaries.

10 years of conflict and terror followed, in which King Louis XVI was overthrown.

Today is celebrated as Bastille Day, a national holiday in France.

It was on this day...
1958 Iraq Army Liberate Population From Tyrannical Monarchy

From this day on, Baghdad Radio announced, the country of Iraq would be a republic with ties to other Arab nations.

Major-General Abdul Karim el Qasim became Iraq's new prime minister, defence minister and commander-in-chief.

King Faisal was reported killed.

The British embassy was ransacked and set on fire by an angry mob. The ambassador was quickly released unharmed.

There were widely held fears that this Iraq coup would encourage other pro-Western oil powers in the area to pursue an Arab nationalist policy, which was perceived to be against Western interests.

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1099 A force of European Christians conquer Jerusalem, massacring thousands of its inhabitants.

1933 Adolf Hitler, now a dictator, outlaws all political parties apart from the National Socialist Party (aka Nazi) in Germany.

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