21st February
It was on this day...
1965 Malcolm X is Assassinated

While addressing his Organization of Afro-American Unity, at the Audubon Ballroom in Washington Heights, New York City, Malcolm X (born Malcolm Little in 1925) is assassinated by members of the Nation of Islam.

Malcolm X had distanced himself from the Nation of Islam with his avocation of self defense by 'any means necessary'. He developed a more outspoken philosophy than Elijah Muhammed, whom Malcolm thought did not sufficiently support the civil rights movement. When JF Kennedy was assassinated Malcolm claimed it was just a matter of the "chickens coming home to roost". He was suspended from the Nation of Islam.

Malcolm made a pilgrimage to Mecca. He returned to the USA in June 1964 with a new name, El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, and a new more moderate philosophy.

It was on this day...
1988 Jimmy Swaggart, TV Evangelist, Quits Over Sex Scandal

Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Swaggart, at the time America's leading TV Evangelist, sobs in front of 7,000 members of his congregation.

Only a few months earlier he had attacked Rev Jim Bakker for committing adultery with minister and secretary Jessica Hahn.

Officials from the Assemblies of God church were given photographs showing Swaggart taking a prostitute to a Louisiana motel. The evidence was handed over by rival TV evangelist Martin Gorman who was defrocked after Mr Swaggart accused him of "immoral dalliances" in 1986.

In his televised confession Swaggart told his followers:

"I do not plan in any way to whitewash my sin or call it a mistake."

And then tearfully told his wife:

"I have sinned against you and I beg your forgiveness."

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Birthdays
1955
Kelsey Grammer
1946
Tyne Daly
1946
Alan Rickman
1935
Rue McClanahan
1943
David Geffen
1933
Nina Simone
1927
Erma Bombeck
1925
Sam Peckinpah
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Other News

1848 The Communist Manifesto, written by Karl Marx with the assistance of Friedrich Engels, is published in London

1885 The Washington Monument is dedicated to the memory of the USA's first president

1901 Vaudeville strike

1926 Greta Garbo's first U.S. film, The Torrent, opens

1952 Elizabeth Taylor, 20, marries for the second time. She marries Michael Wilding.

1972 US President Richard Nixon arrives in Beijing, China

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