was on this day...|
Malcolm X is Assassinated
addressing his Organization of Afro-American Unity, at the Audubon Ballroom in
Washington Heights, New York City, Malcolm X (born Malcolm Little in 1925) is
assassinated by members of the Nation of Islam.
X had distanced himself from the Nation of Islam with his avocation of self defense
by 'any means necessary'. He developed a more outspoken philosophy than Elijah
Muhammed, whom Malcolm thought did not sufficiently support the civil rights movement.
When JF Kennedy was assassinated Malcolm claimed it was just a matter of the "chickens
coming home to roost". He was suspended from the Nation of Islam.
made a pilgrimage to Mecca. He returned to the USA in June 1964 with a new name,
El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, and a new more moderate philosophy.
was on this day...|
Jimmy Swaggart, TV Evangelist, Quits Over Sex Scandal
Rouge, Louisiana: Swaggart, at the time America's leading TV Evangelist, sobs
in front of 7,000 members of his congregation.
a few months earlier he had attacked Rev Jim Bakker for committing adultery with
minister and secretary Jessica Hahn.
from the Assemblies of God church were given photographs showing Swaggart taking
a prostitute to a Louisiana motel. The evidence was handed over by rival TV evangelist
Martin Gorman who was defrocked after Mr Swaggart accused him of "immoral
dalliances" in 1986.
his televised confession Swaggart told his followers:
do not plan in any way to whitewash my sin or call it a mistake."
then tearfully told his wife:
have sinned against you and I beg your forgiveness."
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The Communist Manifesto, written by Karl Marx with the assistance of Friedrich
Engels, is published in London
The Washington Monument is dedicated to the memory of the USA's first president
Greta Garbo's first U.S. film, The Torrent, opens
Elizabeth Taylor, 20, marries for the second time. She marries Michael Wilding.
US President Richard Nixon arrives in Beijing, China