bulge was a military formation, created by three German divisions which forced
a bulge 60 miles deep, 50 miles wide into the allied line during World War Two.
allies had been surprised in the densely wooded Ardennes region of Belgium by
three German armies. The allies were initially unable to use their air superiority
because of the dense fog, and for a while it looked like Hitler's gamble was paying
the allies refused to give up, even when their lines of communication had broken,
and a three point counter offensive led by British General Montgomery and American
generals Omar Bradley and George Patton came to the rescue.
a notable moment of the battle, the 101st Airborne Division and parts of the 10th,
were encircled within the bulge, at the town of Bastogne. Here the German commanders
demanded an American surrender.
Major General Anthony McAuliffe sent a typed reply:
the German Commander:
the American Commander
skies would clear on 23rd December, unleashing the air force which destroyed German
tanks and transport lines. On 26 December, Bastogne was taken by General Patton's
January 21, 1945 the Germans had been pushed back to their original line.
Germans killed. 80,000 Allied troops killed (75,000 of which were from the USA),
wounded or MIA. This was the heaviest battle toll in the US's history.