German troops sealed what would become the Berlin Wall on this day, cutting West
Berlin off from East Berlin for the first time.
services were cut and road traffic prevented between what had effectively become
two separate cities over night.
started on the West Berlin side with a crowd trying to breach the 6ft tall (1.8m)
barbed wire fences. They were repelled by East German forces armed with bayonets.
decision to raise the fence was made, at least in part, due to the massive increase
of migration from East to West Germany. 12,500 had left the east in the previous
7 days, 2,000 more than the previous week.
the 24 hours before the border was sealed, rumors of the move had circulated,
and 3,000 people had fled to West Germany.